Ligament sprain happens when a ligament is stretched or torn. Ligaments are tough tissues that connect bones. They are fibrous, strong wire like bands that grips the joint bones together. Ligaments support the joints and keep the bones in place. They allow the body to lift, lower, or rotate the arms and legs. A ligament sprain may involve one or more ligaments.
A sprain is caused by a direct injury or sudden twisting of the joint. This may occur while playing sports, or maybe due to a fall or accident. Below are some factors that may increase the risk of a ligament sprain;
Overuse of the muscles or muscle fatigue
A sudden increase in the amount and intensity of sports training
Using sports equipment the wrong way
Wearing shoes that don’t fit or aren’t well suited for the activity
Feel of looseness in joint
Unable to balance excess weight
Trouble moving the joint
The injured area may be bruised and feel warm when touched
Sudden pain or swelling in the joint.
The joint gives way, especially during heavy physical activity. This may occur if a joint in the lower arm or leg is affected.
Ayurveda treatment for Ligament Injury:
In Ayurveda, ligament is correlated to mamsa dhatu. Ligament injury causes imbalalnce in the vata and pitta doshas, and it usually occurs from outside factors like unexpected events.
Ayurveda treatment of ligament injury takes a more holistic approach. Ayurveda treatment aims at reducing inflammation and swelling and to restore the ligament to its proper healthy function. Ayurveda acknowledges energy imbalance, takes into consideration the amount of toxins (ama) a patient may have in their body, and assesses how well prana, the life-force energy responsible for all movement in the body, is flowing in the injury itself and in the patient’s body in general.
Balancing the aggravated dosha Vata and Pitta.
Strengthen the ligament and muscle
Treatments – The treatment modalities includes panchakarma, external therapies, internal medications, Activities, Advice of food and life style changes.
Panchakarma – Nasya, Virechana, Basti – Depending on the site of injury
Externally – Abhyanga, PPS, SSPS, Kashaya Seka
Sthanika Basti, Dhara, Pichu, Lepa,Upanaha
Gout (also called metabolic arthritis and known to Ayurveda as Vatarakta) is a disease due to a disorder of uric acid metabolism in the blood. In this condition, monosodium urate or uric acid crystals are deposited on the articular cartilage of joints, tendons and surrounding tissues due to elevated concentrations of uric acid in the blood stream. This provokes an inflammatory reaction of these tissues. These deposits can often increase in size and burst through the skin to form sinuses discharging a chalky white material.
The classic picture is of excruciating, sudden, unexpected, burning pain, swelling, redness, warmness and stiffness in the joint. Low-grade fever may also be present.
Gout usually attacks the big toe (approximately 75 percent of first attacks); however, it also can affect other joints such as the ankle, heel, instep, knee, wrist, elbow, fingers, and spine. In some cases, the condition may appear in the joints of small toes that have become immobile due to impact injury earlier in life, causing poor blood circulation that leads to gout.
Patients with longstanding hyperuricemia can have uric acid crystal deposits called tophi (singular: tophus) in other tissues such as the helix of the ear. Uric acid stones commonly also form in the kidney.
Symptoms thus almost always include an excruciating, sudden burning pain, redness and swelling in joints (particularly the big toe); occasionally, low-grade fever, nausea, flatulence,
vague and travelling abdominal pains, loss of appetite, constipation and highly colored and scant urine may be seen.
Causes may include an impairment of digestion due to intake of incompatible foods (particularly an excessive intake of proteins), non-elimination of metabolic wastes from the body, hereditary factors, age and gender (rarer in females), and climate.
In terms of treatment, the first choice is for treatment via an alteration of dietary regimen. Low oxalate and low-uric acid forming foods and a low meat diet is to be encouraged. High fiber, low protein foods should be emphasized, old rice (but not fresh rice), wheat, moong dal, garlic, onion, bitter gourd, papaya and green banana are beneficial. Sour and salty tasting foods and heavy and fried foods are to be avoided. Rhubarb is a specific food remedy for gout, as are sweet cherries and their juice. It is critical in the treatment of Gout that the patient is kept well hydrated.
Herbal medicines specifics for the treatment of gout include Lashun (Garlic), Guggul (Commiphora mukul) and Shallaki (Boswelia serrata) as well as Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) the last of which is applied in all conditions of aggravated ranjakapitta and pitta in the blood. The compound of Sunthi (Ginger), Kumari (Aloe vera) and Guduchi is a specific and especially effective formulation commonly used in treating gout.
In terms of lifestyle management, the patient should not perform any fast-paced exercise, but moderate exercise is to be encouraged, and idleness and a sedentary lifestyle avoided. Exposure to cold wind and rain, and cold-water bathing are strictly contra-indicated. Abhyanga is beneficial and the yoga asanas known as the Forward Bend and Lotus positions are particularly useful in treating gout.